The injury can be as mild as a bump, bruise (contusion), or cut on the head, or can be moderate to severe in nature due to a concussion, deep cut or open wound, fractured skull bone(s), or from internal bleeding and damage to the brain. What they have in common is that they involve forceful strikes to the head, resulting in traumatic brain injury (TBI) or cerebral trauma. Please contact us to make your appointment! This is your brief of the month’s news headlines, current consultations and future events. And you can’t be sure until you complete all the testing. Learning disability and brain injury. The impact may affect one functional area of the brain, several areas, or all areas of the brain. Almost 50 percent of victims of TBI experience post-concussion syndrome (PCS) within a few days of the injury. LD #1. 4 Cognitive problems can result from severe brain injury, or a succession of mild injuries.The patient may have trouble thinking clearly, remembering events and facts, or reasoning logically. The blow was strong enough to snap his head back. Sometimes alcohol is self-medication for brain problems, attention deficit disorder and other brain problems  I said to this (relatively sophisticated) healthcare professional, “I think you have a brain injury patient here.”  She looked stunned, but knew that I was right. The mom recently notified of the above noted developments, and she said, “You saved his life.”  I have many such stories. Defense attorneys like to dwell on the common fact in mild traumatic brain injury LOC may not be very long, and therefore there should indicate a true brain injury. She was not in the field of testing for LD, but she knew enough to know that I was probably correct. Head injury or traumatic brain injury is considered a medical or clinical diagnosis. With the highest incidence of brain injuries occurring between the ages of 15 and 24, postsecondary students are at particular risk for acquiring a brain injury. This young man was extremely smart (140 IQ, at the 99th percentile), but was reading speed at the 9th percentile. Subscribe to Northamptonshire County Council's monthly e-newsletter. (I have been at it for 38 years.). I was at a church coffee hour and I met another psychologist who started telling me about her troubled son. I had a patient who got a head injury when a NYC bus smacked into him while he was at a stop sign. TBI: May include loss of balance, weakness, paralysis, visual/sensory changes and headaches. His too frequent use of alcohol was causing problems in their relationship. Post-concussion syndrome. The type and severity of the disability depend on the seriousness of the injury and the part of the brain affected. Learning Disability: Poor conditions is the most frequent impairment. Types of head injuries include: This is called Post Traumatic Amnesia, or PTA. A full evaluation was done, and the learning disability was dramatic. Before October 2016, Social Security evaluated traumatic brain injury under disability listings for other types of medical conditions: stroke, epilepsy, or organic mental disorders (called neurocognitive disorders). It can result from trauma, hypoxia, infection, substance abuse, degenerative neurological disease or stroke. Head Injury What is a head injury? We talked about him and I asked a few questions that I would ordinarily ask parents of learning disabled children. 7 8 Learning Disabilities and Mild Brain Injury. The Northamptonshire Learning Disability Team at Northamptonshire Healthcare works with adults and children with learning disabilities who have complex health care needs. The brain can incur several different types of injuries depending on the type, amount, and position of force impacting the head. Many of the academic modifications listed for students with learning disabilities will … Acquired brain injury (ABI) is any type of injury to the brain that occurs after birth. Birth injuries that are often associated with learning disabilities include: Birth asphyxia; Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) Brain bleeds; Permanent brain damage; Infection, sepsis, and/or meningitis; Encephalitis; Birth Injury … by Dr. Bradbury Question: Dr. Bradbury, I read your columns regularly and a couple of times you have written about diagnosing someone with mental retardation, or intellectual disability. Now, TBI has its own listing in Social Security's listing of impairments (called the "blue book"). For this patient, there was no loss of consciousness, but his altered state of consciousness (PTA) was about a week. If someone experiences a head injury, and the results of testing are in the intellectually deficient range, how do you decide if the diagnosis is a traumatic… After hearing the whole story, I said to the mother, “I think he might be learning disabled.”  I could see a light go off in her head. LD #2. Emotional Deficits: Change in functioning emerge slowly and gradually. These injuries may result from accidents, an assault, falls, repeated blows, and the like. The term is used to refer to individual functioning, including physical impairment, sensory impairment, cognitive impairment, intellectual impairment mental illness, and various types of chronic disease. All patients coming into The Brain Clinic will go through a screening process. Some head injuries are associated with evidence of localization which would indicate an Head Injury and Later Reading Disability 595 area of maximum damage. Learning the second language after traumatic brain injury may positively influence emotional well-being, self-esteem, and, perhaps, recovery of quality of life. His depression went away, and his self-esteem soared. BRAIN INJURY, STROKE, OR OTHER DISABILITIES. We can help guide you to support and services for people with learning disabilities and their families. Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD, Learning Disabilities, Migraines, and Traumatic Brain Injury, Learning Disability (LD) & Dyslexia Testing, Neuropsychological Evaluations at The Brain Clinic, Children’s Neuropsychological Evaluations, Neuropsychological Evaluations and Insurance, 10 Things to ask people who might have had a brain injury, Neuropsychological & Psychological Treatments, Important Aspects of Biofeedback Treatment, Biofeedback for Functional Abdominal Pain, Biofeedback Treatment: Integration in Healthcare, Neurofeedback Treatment for Traumatic Brain Injury, Neurofeedback for ADHD – Train Your Brain to get better, ADD bibliography : Neurofeedback for ADD/ADHD, Treatment for Chronic Pain with Biofeedback, Behavioral Variant of Frontotemporal Dementia, Short Notes of Learning Disabilities and Mild Brain Injury. This means that as the demands of education increase (such as going to graduate, business or medical school), a mild learning disabled person may find the work much more difficult that their same peers who are not learning disabled. Traumatic brain injuries come with a lot of uncertainties, as no two injuries are identical. Disability is conceptualized as being a multidimensional experience for the person involved. Learning disability in  smart person. He was able to go through college and medical school adequately, but when he had to master a great deal of difficult material, he was much slower at processing this material. Traumatic Brain Injury can cause a range of disabilities. Now it is 17 years later. Students with brain injuries may experience a host of physical or sensory disabilities, including neurological disabilities resulting directly from injury to the brain and other disabilities only indirectly related. 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