Garden and landscape design, the development and decorative planting of gardens, yards, grounds, parks, and other types of areas.Garden and landscape design is used to enhance the settings for buildings and public areas and in recreational areas and parks. [62], The poet William Wordsworth was a major contributor to the literature of landscape,[63] as was his contemporary poet and novelist Walter Scott. It drew inspiration from paintings of landscapes by Claude Lorraine and Nicolas Poussin, and from the classic Chinese gardens of the East,[46] which had recently been described by European travellers and were realized in the Anglo-Chinese garden,[46] and the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778). For example:[12] Carl Troll conceives of landscape not as a mental construct but as an objectively given ‘organic entity’, a ‘‘harmonic individuum of space’’. It is one of the decorative arts and is allied to architecture, city planning, and horticulture. [5] The popular conception of the landscape that is reflected in dictionaries conveys both a particular and a general meaning, the particular referring to an area of the Earth's surface and the general being that which can be seen by an observer. Types of Drawings | Landscape Design Vancouver (Bernard Maldonado) Japanese garden designs relies on a variety of "mountain-water") style featuring wild mountains, rivers and lakes, rather than landscape as a setting for a human presence. GeoJournal 7(2):107–119. In the United States, the Hudson River School, prominent in the middle to late 19th century, is probably the best-known native development in landscape art. The only very complete example is now in the, It was first labeled in March 1942 by the critic, Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras, Lines written a few miles above Tintern Abbey, A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful, Mythologies of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, "Methods for landscape characterisation and mapping: A systematic review", "Landscape and Urban Planning: An International Journal of Landscape Science, Planning and Design", "Applying Landscape Science to Natural Resource Management", "What are 'Integrated Landscape Approaches' and how effectively have they been implemented in the tropics: a systematic map protocol", "Integrated Landscape Management: The Means of Implementation for the Sustainable Development Goals", "Intended Nationally Determined Contribution",, "Philippine rice terraces no longer in danger", "Walter Scott was the foremost literary figure of his days", "Alexandre Dumas": The official French site,, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Page 62, GIBSON, W.S (1989) Mirror of the Earth: The World Landscape in Sixteenth-Century Flemish Painting. [53] Alexander Pope's "Windsor Forest" (1713) and John Dyer's "Grongar Hill' (1762) are two other familiar examples. Such a garden is designed to be intimately experienced in hands on manner. Landscape architects, landscape contractors and landscape designers are the most common types of garden designers. Perhaps the most common type of garden that people look into is the vegetable garden.Vegetable gardens can be a lot of fun to maintain, and you will literally be able to enjoy the fruits of your labors. Popular Garden Types Small Gardens Shade Gardens Cottage Gardens Vertical Gardens Rock Gardens Zen Gardens Moon Gardens Container Gardens Meadow Gardens Contemporary Gardens Fields and Gardens poetry (simplified Chinese: 田园诗; traditional Chinese: 田園詩; pinyin: tiányuán shī; Wade–Giles: t'ien-yuan-shih; lit. 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