To obtain good crops plant the layers/grafts obtained from good pedigree plants. Use Boric Acid Ant Baits to control ants. Guava is a popular fruit of India. The tree Semi-dwarf, vigorous, with heavy branching habit. This will soften the hard coating of the seeds, hopeful the inner embryo to germinate. Guava plants thrive in any soil having good drainage capacity, and full sun for best flowering and fruit production. They live 30-40 years but productivity declines after the 15th year. Adhere to suggested plant density to reduce competition for sunlight, nutrient, and water. Guava (/ ˈ ɡ w ɑː v ə /) is a common tropical fruit cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions. The guava plants thrive in any soil with good drainage and full sun for best flowering and fruit production. For maximum production in the tropics, guava crop requires 500 to 1000mm of rain, evenly distributed throughout the year. Processing in Guava: Squash, nectar and leather can be prepared from Punjab Kiran and Punjab Pink, coloured guava varieties. Follow clean cultivation and strict sanitation in an orchard. The Guava does equally well on to light sandy, heavy clay, gravel bars near streams, or on limestone. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Other top guava producing countries can be found in the chart below. spray Dimethoate 2ml/lt. Winter crop gives better quality fruits then rainy season crop. Guavas can take heavy pruning, though, and can be used as informal hedges or screens. Red color pustules 3-5 mm size appears on leaves both on upper and lower surface. Tag: Guava Cultivation PDF. The fruit flies deposit eggs in the soft skin of ripening fruits. Guava is a small, tropical native tree producing delectable green fruit with tender light-yellow or pink or red interior. Tree vigorous, medium tall, with dense foliage. However, shelf life of guava can be extended up to 20 days by keeping them at low temperature of 5 o C and 75-85% relative humidity. CULTIVATION OF GUAVA The productivity of an agro-ecosystem. The guava plant starts commercial yield from 3rd year onward under good management practices. Disease-free Guava grafts/layerings of desired variety should be selected for planting. It is high yielder when compared to Allahabad Safeda. The larvae tunnel into fruit and chew holes in the leaves. Strawberry Guava: A tasty guava that has a distinct strawberry flavor. This kind of soil is well preferred for growing organic Guava tree faster. The ARC-TSC has been involved in guava research since the seventies. In Andhra Pradesh, Guava is cultivated in an area of 9626 hectares with a production of 1.44 lakh metric tons. Guava Fruit Farming – Tips & Guide for Beginners. 3.2 Area & Production The area under guava cultivation in India increased by 64% from 94 thousand ha. The Guava seeds germination takes about 3 to 10 weeks when the tiny sprouts will emerge out from the soil. Severely infested fruits become hard and corky which cracks and finally drop. It is extremely beneficial to health. In Guava, Vitamin C is found in high concentrations. Guava Fruit is one of the most common fruits in India. Cancerous growth on fruit leading to cracking of fruits. The integration of organic substrates with mineral fertilizers can have a significant effect on the physical, microbiological, and chemical properties of soil, which are indirectly responsible for supporting plant growth. Tropical has a lovely aroma that reaches across your garden. After the leaf shedding, in the month of June, fertilizers are applied and the exposed roots should be covered with soil and irrigated. Avoid heavy clay soils when possible as they are not conducive to good root development. Guava planting spacing varies from variety to variety. Spray Carbaryl @ 3g/lit of water. Grow best in the temperature range of 7 to 32°C. The crop is regulated by holding water after harvest from February onwards and pruning of branches to half the length of the entire tree in the month of May. Sometimes, ants crawling on the Guavas may be a problem. It is a cross between Allahabad safeda and Triploid released from IIHR, Bangalore.Fruits are medium in size with white flesh, high TSS (12.5 O Brix) and good keeping quality. Its cost of production is also low because its requirement for fertilizer, irrigation and plant protection are … The quality of guava depends on the season of the cropping. Treat with a copper-based fungicide. These can be treated with a bacillus thurigiensis (BT) spray. Guava is mostly grown under rainfed conditions and irrigation is usually not practiced but wherever the irrigation is available, it should be given in October/November and summer. Introduction to organic Guava cultivation. On hatching, the maggots bore into fruit and feed on the soft pulp. Guava can be successfully cultivated both under tropical and subtropical conditions. An example is a formula of 6-6-6-2, worked into soils just before the onset of the growing season, and then evenly spaced out 3 times during the growth period. Finally, fungal root rots can develop in overly-wet conditions. The principal area of guava cultivation is located in central Thailand and includes the provinces of Nakhon Pathom, Samut Sakhon, and Ratchaburi. Some temperate fruits like peach, plum, pear and strawberry have been introduced at SKUAST-J, Udheywalla and Peach cvs. Several types of scale insects, including some mealybugs, are fond of Guava wood and leaves. Subscribe to Get Post in E-mail. in 1991-92 to 155 thousand ha. Neem oil and sticky traps can keep these at bay. Irrigation While guava can tolerate dry spell, supplementary irrigation during prolonged dry periods is desirable to provide adequate water supply for the growing guava tree. In the month of May, the roots are dug and exposed to the sun. Fruits picked green will ripen when stored at room temperature. In the case of grafting using rootstock, wedge grafting is done. Plant the varieties like Lucknow-49 which are resistant to the wilt. Subscribe to Get Post in E-mail. Growing Pearl Millet, Cultivation Practices For Beginners. Package of practices for cultivation of litchi Megokhono Meyase SMS (Horticulture), KVK, Wokha ----- Litchi (Litchi chinensis) is a delicious juicy fruit of excellent quality. The root suckers should be removed frequently. Guava trees are hardy in nature and prolific bearer. Apply Dithane Z-78 (2g) or Cuman L (4ml/lit) and Rovral (2g/lit) during the rainy season. The fruit size is medium with excellent quality. The grubs bore into the bark and stem and can be identified form the saw dust coming from the bores and by the follow sound when the branch is tapped. Beside Mahakaushal hospital, The common guava has quadrangular branchlets, oval to oblong leaves about 7.6 cm (3 inches) in length, and four-petaled white flowers about 2.5 cm (1 inch) broad. The anthracnose affected fruit rot during storage. Month Wise Cultivation Practices of Guava Orchard: Guava Production Practices – In the month of April: In this month, you need to check for soil suitability. Lalit variety is suitable for both table and processing purposes. Young plants should be watered regularly during the first year. Guava does not ripen off the tree and it can be difficult to differentiate when the fruits are ready for harvest. To get better yield trees should be irrigated at flowering and fruiting stage. If the temperature is low, you can germinate the seeds indoors. Your Email ... Thyme Farming, Cultivation Practices, Planting Methods. If you are not planned before, please stop adding mix or fertilizer. How to grow guava Psidium guajava Fruits, flowers and leaves of guava. Ideally, plant guava saplings in June- July or October- November months depending on rainfall and its distribution and the type of soil. The fruits are deep red in color having attractive shape, few soft seeds. It is available throughout the year. Add lots of manure and compost to the soil and some river sand to make it free draining. The fruit is sweet, strongly flavored with few seeds and is slightly depressed at both ends. Production Technology: Guava trees are planted at a distance of 5-6 meters. Mr. Reddy-April 28, 2016. of pulp after amla. Severely infested fruits are covered by white mealy bugs and in severe cases, sooty mold develops on the fruit surface. To improve the germination, soak the seeds in water for 10 to 15 days, or boil them for 5 minutes before sowing. For proper leaf shedding in the month of May for crop regulation, the trees may be sprayed with 10 % Urea. Keeping in mind its multi-utility and nutrition, people call it the apple of the poor. It was introduced in India in the seventeen century. Even though Guava is hard to root, investigations indicate that it can be successfully propagated from cuttings under mist. The plants are vigorous, dome-shaped and compact. Severe infestation initially gives silvery appearance on the ventral side of guava leaves. Pick up any fallen fruit, and make use of fruit fly traps as needed to reduce their numbers. cut and destroy infested branches in the primary stage. In guava, the winter crop gives best quality fruit. In the case of non-availability of predators, cut and destroy the infested branches. In the field of production and production, guava attains the fourth place among fruits grown in the country. The infested fruits show depressions with dark greenish punctures and when cut open, the maggots are visible. To prevent these, harvest before the fruit is fully ripe. They often germinate in 2 to 3 weeks but may take as long as 8 weeks. Guava fruit is native to Mexico and Central America. Use disease-free planting material and implement a good weed control to decrease humidity. Red-banded thrips will cause browning of fruit rinds and defoliation of your tree. For commercial cultivation of guavas, the planting spacing of 5 meters X 5 meters & 6 meters X 6 meters should be adopted. The Guava moth lays eggs on your tree’s leaves. Guava is propagated usually through seed however, cuttings, grafting, air layering, and budding are also practiced. Package of Practices of GUAVA Guava is a very popular fruit. The standard spacing for the Guava plant is 6 x 6 m, which accommodates 277 plants per hectare. Allahabad Surkaha is an excellent variety of large, uniform pink fruits with deep pink flesh. Weeding and Cultivation Shallow cultivation around the base of the plant is recommended to prevent root injury. Drenching the trees with Carbendazim/Benomyl @ 1g or COC @ 3g/lt. ADVERTISEMENTS: Guava contains maximum vitamin C content per l00g. Tropical Guava: This fruit has yellow skin with tender, white flesh. Most other leaf spots that appear also are treated with copper. It is slightly salt resistant. It is grown in many parts of the world. In heavy rainfall areas, plants grow luxuriantly, but the quality of the fruits is found to be very poor and insipid. Yellowing and browning of leaves at the tips of twigs are the characteristic symptom. The Guava whitefly also feeds on Guava leaves. The plant shed all the leaves. The plants are of medium vigor but high yielding. Check complete information on cultivation, irrigation, harvesting and soil preparation of Guava fruit in Punjab. Climatic requirement for Guava cultivation, Remove term: Irrigation of Guava trees- Irrigation of Guava trees, Central Government Schemes (केंद्रीय सरकार योजनाएं), लीची फलों का तुराई उपरान्त प्रवंधन एवं मूल्य संवर्धन, Oil Seeds and Cash crops (तिलहनी एवं नकदी फसलें), Oil seeds and Cash crops ( तिलहनी एवं नकदी फसलें), Oil seeds and Cash crops (तिलहनी एवं नकदी फसल). The fruits are red fleshed with good sugar acid blend. ayers/grafts obtained from good pedigree plants. Collect all infected and fallen fruits and destroy.Grow moderately resistant varieties like Sardar (Lucknow -49) and Saharanpur Seedless. 0. Guava has attained commercial importance in tropics and subtropics because of its wide adaptability to varied soil and climatic conditions. Almost all soils are suitable for guava cultivation. In severe cases, the plant dies. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Control these mealy bugs by releasing predators like chrysopa and cryptolaemus sps. He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. The cultivation of guava in and around the city has seen a multifold increase with the introduction of an Israeli technique of orchard farming. Psidium guajava (common guava, lemon guava) is a small tree in the myrtle family (), native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and northern South America. Approach grafting yields 85 to 95% success. Fruits are roundish ovate and meaty pulp with soft seeds. Guava Cultivation Information Guide. Pheromone trapping with methyl eugenol for Bactocera dorsalissp replenishing the traps with new wicks every fortnight during the fruiting season. Your Name. Another common fungal problem is anthracnose. In nontropical climates, it is a deciduous tree. Guava is a popular fruit tree of tropical and subtropical climate. Mr. Reddy was born in farmer's family and was into 'IT' profession where he was not happy with his activities. Spraying of 4g Zinc Sulphate + 2g Boric acid per liter of water and urea 2% during fruiting stage will improve fruit size and yield. Guava is also a good source of calcium and phosphorus. CAtterpil;l It can be killed by injecting 5ml Dichlorovos or Kerosene or petrol into holes infested with the caterpillar and closing the hole with clay. Follow clean cultivation and strict sanitation in an orchard. cultivation practices of guava Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Neem oil or horticultural oil can reduce their spread. By following these practices, we can enhance our guava production. This has to be done before planting starts in rainy season. Nymphs and adults colonize on tender shoots and leaves and suck cell sap. Guava Cultivation Information Guide. It is also popularly called as apple of the tropics and poor man’s apple. Currently, guavas ( the apple of the tropics) are the most popular tropical fruits, which can be grown all over the world. This is an excellent option for eating straight off the tree. Email: INTRODUCTION An important aspect of expanding guava production into rural areas is information dissemination and technology transfer. Arka Mridula is a seedling selection of variety Allahabad Safeda. Your Name. The tree is large. It can be grown in wide range of soils from heavy clay to very sandy in nature. Skype – amansohaney To prevent these, harvest before the fruit is fully ripe. Leafy shoot-tip cuttings of current season growth treated with Indole butyric acid give more than 80% rooting after 6 weeks when planted in sand under mist in the greenhouse from July to August. The leaves will senesce and plant sheds the leaves. The new leaves which emerge will produce the winter crop. Prune and destroy the dead twigs and fruits. The pits may be treated with formalin and kept covered for about 3 days and transplanting should be done after 2 weeks. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Good drainage is suggested though; Guavas are seen growing on land with a high water table. Guava fruit trees are tropical to sub-tropical and may achieve 20 feet in height. Soil Requirements Well drained, deep loamy ,friable soils are best for guava cultivation. guava production. 50% recommended N, 100% P2O5 and 50% N, 50% K2O should be applied in September. cultivation practices of guava Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Spray Bordeaux mixture (1%) or Carbendazim 1 g /l or COC 3 g/l. Yield in Guava Cultivation:- Yield of Guava crop depends on many factors such as, variety, age of the plant, soil type, irrigation, cultivation practices and climate. Guava trees need a high amount of nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash, along with some magnesium for maximum fruit production. After 20-25 days new leaves emerge which produces the winter crop. in 2001-02 whereas the production increased by 55% from 11 lakh tones to 17 lakh ton n es. In black soils, crop regulation is done by bahar treatment. These are more accurately berries with soft flesh, which may be white, pink, yellow or even red, and which varies in taste from acidic, sour to sweet, and rich depending on the variety. You have entered an incorrect email address! In the initial years of planting regional recommended intercrops should be grown. for up to 6 months. Plant your Guava in a rich free-draining soil having a pH value 4.5 to 7.0. Guava is fourth most important fruit crops after banana, mango, and citrus. The trunk is tilted, rather branched and between 3 and 20m. Orchard may be rejuvenated by drastic pruning. 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Spraying the tree three times a year with horticultural oil will reduce their numbers. They should be planted early to ensure high germination. It is commonly called poor man’s fruit. ADVERTISEMENTS: Guava Cultivation in India – Production Area, Climate, Harvesting and Fruit Handling! Different organic fertilizers for Guava trees are Azotobacter, vermicompost, mulching, phosphate solubilising microbes (PSM) and Trichoderma harzianum added each year to mineral fertilizers containing NPK and to farmyard manure on leaf nutrient status, fruit yield, tree growth, and quality of Guava grown in low fertile soil. One of the problems with budded and grafted Guavas is the production of water sprouts and suckers from the rootstocks. Since Guavas cannot be depended upon to come true from seed, vegetative propagation is generally practiced. Wilted trees should be uprooted, burnt and trench should be dug around the tree trunk. Commercial cultivation of guava fruit is a lucrative and highly profitable business. tall. Guava Fruit Farming is a commercially significant. The frequency of harvest for rainy season crop is 2-3 days and for winter season crop is 4-5 days. Apply organic manures, oil cakes, and lime. Mulching helps in conserving moisture, controlling weeds, and improving the fruit quality. Keep the soil moist and cover the pot with a plastic wrap to keep a high humidity inside. The best indication is a color change to the light green from dark and the development of some yellowing on the fruits. 1 1. Monitor disease and use of micro irrigation systems. Leaves dry and splitting of bark, drying of leaves on terminal branches is followed by complete wilting of the plant in 10-15 days. Regular copper spray, pest oil spray, or insecticidal soap can control the disease. The fruits are large, round and bear profusely. The Guava tree is attacked by several diseases like a red alga, anthracnose, and leaf spots. It is important to shape the Guava tree after planting. For commercial cultivation, it is best grafted onto an established root-stock. Ring weed plant to eradicate competing weeds. In case if you are interested in Growing Organic Spinach At Home. Apple Guava: This is the most common guava that is eaten fresh.It has lovely white fruit that turns light yellow. Irrigation While guava can tolerate dry spell, supplementary irrigation during prolonged dry periods is desirable to provide adequate water supply for the growing guava tree. If you are lucky enough to live in a region where guava plants grow outside, the tree should be planted in well-drai… Guava is grown successfully in tropical & subtropical regions up to 1,500m above mean sea-level. Mature trees can withstand an occasional light frost, but young trees die right away. The keeping quality of the fruit is good. For this purpose, you should dig the pits size of 3 feet x 3 feet x 3 feet. The tree is medium in size. Decided to come back to farming, agriculture sector as a Farmer and Writer. Remove weeds by using tools before flowering and timely inter-culture should be done. The tree should be trained and pruned to good shape with strong branches. The pink color in beverage remains stable for more than a year in storage. It can also be stored for about 10 days at room temperature (18`-23 ° C) in polybags providing a ventilation of 0.25 %. In India, inarching and air-layering have been practiced for many years. Since guava farming requires minimum plant care and management during the growing period. It grows best with an annual … Finally, root-knot nematodes can be particularly harmful to your Guava. 50% N should be given in the farms under organic cultivation. Tångavägen 5, 447 34 Vårgårda 0770 - 17 18 91 Trees grow rapidly and fruit in 2-4 years. It is a hybrid between Allahabad Safeda and Kohir evolved at Fruit Research Station, Sangareedy. This research has resulted in the release of guava wilt disease resistant rootstocks, improved pruning techniques and cultivation practices which in turn have led to improved yields of quality fruit. Guava Cultivation Practices-sereddy - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time. Protect the seedlings against i… For one year old plants, 100g N, 40g P2O5, 100 K2O should be applied. This can also be controlled and treated with copper fungicidal sprays. Growing guavas require cold protection and is not suitable outdoors in most zones of the United States. Guava (Psidium guajava), the apple of tropics, is one of the most common fruits in India.It is the fourth most important fruit in area and production after mango, banana and citrus. Guava is a popular fruit of India. Algal leaf spot can be reduced by maintaining tree vigour with cultural techniques such as proper fertilization and irrigation, proper pruning to enhance air circulation within the canopy and managing weeds, sunlight penetration, and wider tree spacing. Good drainage is important, as this tree does not tolerate standing water well. A large percentage of guava produced in Thailand is exported to Singapore, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Hong Kong. The fruit comes to maturity 4-5 months after flowering. The plants produce up to 120 kg fruits in its sixth year of fruiting. Guava is grown in Rangareddy (2125 ha), Krishna (1078 ha), Anathapur (800 ha), Prakasam (680 h), Medak (585 ha), West Godavari (557 ha), Mahboobnagar (550 a). Ensure the soil drains readily to prevent this from occurring. Indeed, credit inflow into this sub sector is most likely to help guava growers in improving their economic condition faster. Spraying of Neem oil @ 5ml/lt of water or Dichlorovos @ 1ml/lt or Triazophos @ 2ml/lit of water. Plough the land thoroughly,  Pits of 60 x 60 x 60cm are dug at a spacing of 5-6m distance in the summer season. The maturity indices of the fruit are the change in dark green color of the fruit skin to light green color. To produce fruit, the mean temperature must remain above 16°C. Guava is native to tropical America where it occurs wild. Guava plantation requires less care compared to other fruit crops. Dung manure 40 kg or 4 kg With Vermicomposting, 100 gms of biological compost, such as azospirilum with the use of production and production of good quality fruits are produced. The plants are manured and irrigated in the month of June. They excrete honeydew resulting in the development of sooty mold. Guava is a common tropical fruit. One of the following crop regulation methods may be followed for getting the winter crop. Water regularly to keep the soil moist. For good drainage and full nutrient supply, work in some fertile plant mix rich in organic matter several weeks before planting. Remove the grubs and inject petrol into the holes and plug to kill the young ones remaining inside. Transplant the seedlings when they are 4 to 18 inches high.
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