[29] The long [iː] of Swiss German is historically and still often today spelled ⟨y⟩ rather than ⟨ii⟩, preserving the original identity of the two names even in writing. These include French, Rumantsch, German and Italian. In contrast, in 2016, they used 4.6 global hectares of biocapacity - their ecological footprint of consumption. Strikes Deal on 'Stress Tests, Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes, anna.aero European Airport Traffic Trends, Swiss sit atop ranking of greenest nations, "Swiss population to grow 12.5 per cent by 2035", "Migration and integration – Data, indicators, Nationality, Foreign permanent resident population by nationality, 2012", "Migration and integration – Data, indicators, Nationality, Population with an immigration background, Permanent resident population aged 15 or over, by migration status, 2nd quarter 2012", Definitive report on racism in Switzerland by UN expert, "How Swiss direct democracy deals with xenophobia", "Is racism a problem in Switzerland? Its policy of neutrality was internationally recognised at the Congress of Vienna in 1815. Switzerland has a maximum north–south length of 220 kilometres (140 mi) and an east–west length of about 350 kilometres (220 mi). Restaurant in the Alpine village of Grindelwald, Switzerland. To minimise the negative consequences of Switzerland's isolation from the rest of Europe, Bern and Brussels signed seven bilateral agreements to further liberalise trade ties. [75] Swiss citizens are subject to three legal jurisdictions: the municipality, canton and federal levels. Geneva converted to Protestantism in 1536, just before John Calvin arrived there. The remainder comes from imports and overusing the global commons (such as the atmosphere through greenhouse gas emissions). [32] The oldest known farming settlements in Switzerland, which were found at Gächlingen, have been dated to around 5300 BC.[32]. The Swiss Armed Forces, including the Land Forces and the Air Force, are composed mostly of conscripts, male citizens aged from 20 to 34 (in special cases up to 50) years. Nevertheless, it pursues an active foreign policy and is frequently involved in peace-building processes around the world. The role played by dialects in each linguistic region varies dramatically: in the German-speaking regions, Swiss German dialects have become ever more prevalent since the second half of the 20th century, especially in the media, such as radio and television, and are used as an everyday language for many, while the Swiss variety of Standard German is almost always used instead of dialect for written communication (c.f. Switzerland has more than 1500 lakes, and contains 6% of Europe's stock of fresh water. Although getting a job is considered a way out of poverty, among the gainfully employed, some 4.3% are considered working poor. [253] Steinstossen is the Swiss variant of stone put, a competition in throwing a heavy stone. With an area of 41,285 km², the country is only slightly smaller than the Netherlands or slightly less than twice the size of the US state of New Jersey. [79][80] Only in 2002 did Switzerland become a full member of the United Nations[79] and it was the first state to join it by referendum. [202], Aside from the official forms of their respective languages, the four linguistic regions of Switzerland also have their local dialectal forms. With an area of 41,285 km², the country is only slightly smaller than the Netherlands or slightly less than twice the size of the US state of New Jersey. Switzerland’s rugged topography and multicultural milieu have tended to emphasize difference. [242], Switzerland has historically boasted the greatest number of newspaper titles published in proportion to its population and size. Tennis has become an increasingly popular sport, and Swiss players such as Martina Hingis, Roger Federer, and Stanislas Wawrinka have won multiple Grand Slams. The English name Switzerland is a compound containing Switzer, an obsolete term for the Swiss, which was in use during the 16th to 19th centuries. Old Norse svíða ‘to singe, burn’), referring to the area of forest that was burned and cleared to build. The toponym Schwyz itself was first attested in 972, as Old High German Suittes, ultimately perhaps related to swedan ‘to burn’ (cf. (2012/1). Many other headquarters of international sports federations are located in Switzerland. Its tallest peak is the Dufourspitze at 15,203 ft (4,634 m) on the Swiss side of the Italian border, one of 10 summits of the Monte Rosa massif. [3], As of the 2000 census other Christian minority communities included Neo-Pietism (0.44%), Pentecostalism (0.28%, mostly incorporated in the Schweizer Pfingstmission), Methodism (0.13%), the New Apostolic Church (0.45%), Jehovah's Witnesses (0.28%), other Protestant denominations (0.20%), the Old Catholic Church (0.18%), other Christian denominations (0.20%). These agreements were signed in 1999 and took effect in 2001. [note 8] The Federal Council and the Federal Assembly can supplement the proposed amendment with a counter-proposal, and then voters must indicate a preference on the ballot in case both proposals are accepted. After a first report the work of this committee was suspended in 2004 by the Swiss Federal Council, and work on this subject has not resumed since.[101]. The Latin name Confoederatio Helvetica was neologized and introduced gradually after the formation of the federal state in 1848, harking back to the Napoleonic Helvetic Republic, appearing on coins from 1879, inscribed on the Federal Palace in 1902 and after 1948 used in the official seal. [42] Henceforth, much of Swiss politics would concern balancing the cantons' tradition of self-rule with the need for a central government. Education in Switzerland is very diverse because the constitution of Switzerland delegates the authority for the school system to the cantons. This urban sprawl does not only affect the plateau but also the Jura and the Alpine foothills[219] and there are growing concerns about land use. It is geographically divided among the Swiss Plateau, the Alps, and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi), and land area of 39,997 km2 (15,443 sq mi). [221] The weight of the largest metropolitan areas, which are Zürich, Geneva–Lausanne, Basel and Bern tend to increase. Places nearby are Chur, Igis and Domat. Switzerland, in central Europe, is the land of the Alps. It is also central to the Unspunnenfest, first held in 1805, with its symbol the 83.5 stone named Unspunnenstein. More recent authors include Charles Ferdinand Ramuz (1878–1947), whose novels describe the lives of peasants and mountain dwellers, set in a harsh environment and Blaise Cendrars (born Frédéric Sauser, 1887–1961). Otherwise known as the Swiss Confederation, Switzerland is surrounded by five other European countries. [231] Switzerland has four national languages: mainly German (spoken by 62.8% of the population in 2016); French (22.9%) in the west; and Italian (8.2%) in the south. [97], Gun politics in Switzerland are unique in Europe in that 29% of citizens are legally armed. Switzerland borders to Germany, France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. Lugano. [42] This centralised the government of the country, effectively abolishing the cantons: moreover, Mülhausen joined France and the Valtellina valley became part of the Cisalpine Republic, separating from Switzerland. The expansion led to increased power and wealth for the confederation. The reform "Army XXI" was adopted by popular vote in 2003, it replaced the previous model "Army 95", reducing the effectives from 400,000 to about 200,000. A metropolis extending along a large lake where the mountains meet the plains, Zürich is by far the country’s largest and most cosmopolitan city, its famed Bahnhofstrasse rivaling shopping districts found in other leading cities in the world. Federal Department of Finance. The earliest known cultural tribes of the area were members of the Hallstatt and La Tène cultures, named after the archaeological site of La Tène on the north side of Lake Neuchâtel. GDP per hour worked is the world's 16th highest, at 49.46 international dollars in 2012.[136]. [14] Switzerland is the birthplace of the Red Cross, one of the world's oldest and best known humanitarian organisations, and is home to numerous international organisations, including the United Nations Office at Geneva, which is its second-largest in the world. Maya Moore weds man she helped to free from prison. [59][62], Forty-eight of Switzerland's mountains are 4,000 metres (13,000 ft) above sea in altitude or higher. However, it participates in the Schengen Area and the European Single Market through bilateral treaties. [163], On 27 November 2008, the interior and justice ministers of European Union in Brussels announced Switzerland's accession to the Schengen passport-free zone from 12 December 2008. Among the most successful skiers and world champions are Pirmin Zurbriggen and Didier Cuche. The oldest traces of hominid existence in Switzerland date back about 150,000 years. [64][66] Nevertheless, according to the 2014 Environmental Performance Index, Switzerland ranks first among 132 nations in safeguarding the environment, due to its high scores on environmental public health, its heavy reliance on renewable sources of energy (hydropower and geothermal energy), and its control of greenhouse gas emissions. [42], In 2002 Switzerland became a full member of the United Nations, leaving the Vatican City as the last widely recognised state without full UN membership. It has … [220] However, from the beginning of the 21st century, the population growth in urban areas is higher than in the countryside. Switzerland has long been a model multiethnic, multilingual society, a place in which diverse peoples can live in social harmony and unite in common interest. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Sweden, the 4th largest European country, is located between Norway and Finland. ", Financial Time Executive Education Rankings – Open Programs – 2015, "Chart C3.1. The Empire built another line of defence at the north border (the so-called Donau-Iller-Rhine-Limes), but at the end of the fourth century the increased Germanic pressure forced the Romans to abandon the linear defence concept, and the Swiss plateau was finally open to the settlement of Germanic tribes. If you dont mind me asking, where is Switzerland located on the map? Offset from your time zone: hours. The topography of Switzerland is varied but it is mainly mountainous with the Alps in the south and the Jura Mountains in the northwest. People living in close proximity may speak markedly distinct, sometimes nearly mutually unintelligible dialects of their first language, if not a different language altogether. The President of the Confederation is elected by the Assembly from among the seven members, traditionally in rotation and for a one-year term; the President chairs the government and assumes representative functions. Zürich and Geneva are regarded as global cities, ranked as Alpha and Beta respectively. An application for membership in the European Union was sent in May 1992, but not advanced since the EEA was rejected in December 1992[42] when Switzerland was the only country to launch a referendum on the EEA. [203], The principal official languages (German, French, and Italian) have terms, not used outside of Switzerland, known as Helvetisms. Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a country situated at the confluence of Western, Central, and Southern Europe. This initiative was mostly backed by rural (57.6% approvals) and suburban agglomerations (51.2% approvals), and isolated towns (51.3% approvals) as well as by a strong majority (69.2% approval) in the canton of Ticino, while metropolitan centres (58.5% rejection) and the French-speaking part (58.5% rejection) rather rejected it. Select any options from ABCD and win a point now! Can I challenge you to name famous things from Switzerland, before you look at our list? The economy grew at 3% in 2010, 1.9% in 2011, and 1% in 2012. Switzerland is a small country that is not on the coast although it is suitable for a mountain holiday. The Alps are a high mountain range running across the central-south of the country, constituting about 60% of the country's total area. | NZZ", 2012 Index of Economic Freedom: Switzerland, "GDP per capita, PPP (current international $) | Data", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "Global Competitiveness Report 2016-2017", The Innovation Union's performance scoreboard for Research and Innovation 2010, "European Innovation Scoreboard – European Commission", "Policy Brief: Economic Survey of Switzerland, 2007", Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2008 – Switzerland Country Note, "Fact check: Are most Swiss residents rich? The country is filled with spectacular scenery and skiing and snowboarding opportunities abound – from the mountainous Jungfrau region to the famous Matterhorn mountain peak.. Switzerland is located in Central Europe. Strict immigration and asylum policies as well as the financial relationships with Nazi Germany raised controversy, but not until the end of the 20th century.[50]. The SNA supplies almost all Swiss media and a couple dozen foreign media services with its news. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Map of Switzerland and travel information about Switzerland brought to you by Lonely Planet. Swiss culture is characterised by diversity, which is reflected in a wide range of traditional customs. Some organisations and political parties find this practice controversial. Lakes and glaciers cover about 6% of the national territory. Switzerland’s landscape is among the world’s most unusual, and it has long had to contend with a variety of environmental problems that threaten its integrity. Although the majority of the population are German-speaking, Swiss national identity is rooted in a common historical background, shared values such as federalism and direct democracy,[15] and Alpine symbolism. [42] Switzerland was able to remain independent through a combination of military deterrence, concessions to Germany, and good fortune as larger events during the war delayed an invasion. [218] In international comparison the importance of these urban areas is stronger than their number of inhabitants suggests. The Swiss climate is generally temperate, but can vary greatly between the localities,[64] from glacial conditions on the mountaintops to the often pleasant near Mediterranean climate at Switzerland's southern tip. The Swiss refused to fight alongside the French in the name of the Helvetic Republic. Autumn is the driest season, winter receives less precipitation than summer, yet the weather patterns in Switzerland are not in a stable climate system and can be variable from year to year with no strict and predictable periods. Switzerland occupies the crossroads of Germanic and Romance Europe, as reflected in its four main linguistic and cultural regions: German, French, Italian and Romansh. During this period, the country still produced successful racing drivers such as Clay Regazzoni, Sébastien Buemi, Jo Siffert, Dominique Aegerter, successful World Touring Car Championship driver Alain Menu, 2014 24 Hours of Le Mans winner Marcel Fässler and 2015 24 Hours Nürburgring winner Nico Müller. It extends about 135 miles (220 km) from north to south and 220 miles (350 km) at its widest extent from west to east. The largest Swiss companies by revenue are Glencore, Gunvor, Nestlé, Novartis, Hoffmann-La Roche, ABB, Mercuria Energy Group and Adecco. Since 1999, an initiative can also be in the form of a general proposal to be elaborated by Parliament, but because it is considered less attractive for various reasons, this form of initiative has yet to find any use. 502: Übersicht: Volksinitiative 'Moratorium Plus – Für die Verlängerung des Atomkraftwerk-Baustopps und die Begrenzung des Atomrisikos (MoratoriumPlus), "Vorlage Nr. After the war, the Swiss government exported credits through the charitable fund known as the Schweizerspende and also donated to the Marshall Plan to help Europe's recovery, efforts that ultimately benefited the Swiss economy. [118][119], For much of the 20th century, Switzerland was the wealthiest country in Europe by a considerable margin (by GDP – per capita). Probably the most famous Swiss literary creation, Heidi, the story of an orphan girl who lives with her grandfather in the Alps, is one of the most popular children's books ever and has come to be a symbol of Switzerland. [184] Publicly organised collection by volunteers and economical railway transport logistics started as early as 1865 under the leadership of the notable industrialist Hans Caspar Escher (Escher Wyss AG) when the first modern Swiss paper manufacturing plant was built in Biberist. Switzerland is located in Austria and Liechtenstein, France to the west, Italy to the South, and Germany to the north. It is an old tradition from the rural central cantons and considered the national sport by some. The larger cities and their cantons (Bern, Geneva, Lausanne, Zürich and Basel) used to be predominantly Protestant. Constitutional amendments, whether introduced by initiative or in parliament, must be accepted by a double majority of the national popular vote and the cantonal popular votes. There are three main governing bodies on the federal level:[72] the bicameral parliament (legislative), the Federal Council (executive) and the Federal Court (judicial). Switzerland is located in Central Europe, east of France, north of Italy. Geneva is the birthplace of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, the Geneva Conventions and, since 2006, hosts the United Nations Human Rights Council. An Alpine village near Saint Moritz in the upper Engadin valley, Graubünden canton, Switzerland. The National League A is the most attended league in Europe. Swiss citizens are prohibited from serving in foreign armies, except for the Swiss Guards of the Vatican, or if they are dual citizens of a foreign country and reside there. It is a founding member of the European Free Trade Association, but notably not part of the European Union, the European Economic Area or the Eurozone. On 18 May 2003, two anti-nuclear initiatives were turned down: Moratorium Plus, aimed at forbidding the building of new nuclear power plants (41.6% supported and 58.4% opposed),[170] and Electricity Without Nuclear (33.7% supported and 66.3% opposed) after a previous moratorium expired in 2000. [71], The Federal Council constitutes the federal government, directs the federal administration and serves as collective Head of State. Welcome! [146][147], As might befit a country that plays home to innumerable international organisations, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, located in Geneva, is not only continental Europe's oldest graduate school of international and development studies, but also widely believed to be one of its most prestigious. Nestled between Lake Thun to the west and Lake Brienz to the east, Interlaken is one of … Get directions, maps, and traffic for Lugano, Ticino. Where is Switzerland located? Located in Central Europe, Switzerland is a country with a climate of predominantly mountains and valleys. Switzerland is a prosperous, and modern market economy with low unemployment, a highly skilled labor force, and its GDP per capita is among the highest in the world. [note 10][142][143], In addition, there are various Universities of Applied Sciences. After obtaining suffrage at the federal level, women quickly rose in political significance, with the first woman on the seven member Federal Council executive being Elisabeth Kopp, who served from 1984 to 1989,[42] and the first female president being Ruth Dreifuss in 1999. [59][60] The more mountainous southern half of the country is far more sparsely populated than the northern half. This ended the so-called "heroic" epoch of Swiss history. The Swiss have also been under EU and sometimes international pressure to reduce banking secrecy and to raise tax rates to parity with the EU. Several towns, like Aventicum, Iulia Equestris and Augusta Raurica, reached a remarkable size, while hundreds of agricultural estates (Villae rusticae) were founded in the countryside. This is a list of all cantons in the so called "official order": Zürich (ZH) Bern / Berne (BE) Luzern (LU) Uri (UR) Schwyz (SZ) Unterwalden (Obwalden (OW) / Nidwalden (NW)) The Swiss expressed fear and concern that the bombings were intended to put pressure on Switzerland to end economic cooperation and neutrality with Nazi Germany. [178] The other international airports are Geneva Airport (13.9 million passengers in 2012),[179] EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg which is located in France, Bern Airport, Lugano Airport, St. Gallen-Altenrhein Airport and Sion Airport. Economic cooperation and extension of credit to the Third Reich varied according to the perceived likelihood of invasion and the availability of other trading partners. A sheepskin coat, a belt chain, a fancy wool dress, a scarf and a pendant made of glass and amber beads were also discovered with the woman. [59] At 4,634 m (15,203 ft), Monte Rosa is the highest, although the Matterhorn (4,478 m or 14,692 ft) is often regarded as the most famous. In business and management studies, the University of St. Gallen, (HSG) is ranked 329th in the world according to QS World University Rankings[144] and the International Institute for Management Development (IMD), was ranked first in open programmes worldwide by the Financial Times. [137] There are both public and private schools, including many private international schools. Shaped like a jagged tooth, it's a magnet for adventurers looking for a mythical climb in Switzerland. Switzerland is among the world’s highly developed nations having the strongest nominal wealth per person ranks the 8 th-highest GDP per capita.The country ranks top worldwide in different parameters of national measure such as quality of life, civil liberties, human development, government transparency, and economic competitiveness. The latitude of Lausanne, Switzerland is 46.519962, and the longitude is 6.633597.Lausanne, Switzerland is located at Switzerland country in the Towns place category with the gps coordinates of 46° 31' 11.8632'' N and 6° 38' 0.9492'' E. Switzerland Directions {{::location.tagLine.value.text}} Sponsored Topics. Switzerland is the world’s only country where there are four national languages. For example, air-pollution emissions in Switzerland are among the lowest in industrialized countries. Geography of Switzerland#Western or Central Europe? The fastest learners are taught advanced classes to be prepared for further studies and the matura,[137] while students who assimilate a little more slowly receive an education more adapted to their needs. Referendums were made mandatory for any amendment of this constitution. In June 2007 the Swiss National Council, one house of the Federal Assembly of Switzerland, voted to overturn the ban, however the other house, the Swiss Council of States rejected the change and the ban remains in place. [123], Switzerland is home to several large multinational corporations. It is geographically divided among the Swiss Plateau, the Alps, and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km (15,940 sq mi), and land area of 39,997 km (15,443 sq … The first university in Switzerland was founded in 1460 in Basel (with a faculty of medicine) and has a tradition of chemical and medical research in Switzerland. While the cost of the system is among the highest, it compares well with other European countries in terms of health outcomes; patients have been reported as being, in general, highly satisfied with it. Thus on 28 November 1848, the Federal Assembly voted in majority to locate the seat of government in Berne. The closest major cities include Lorrach, Doubs, Zürich and Haute-Savoie. [137] Primary school continues until grade four, five or six, depending on the school. Switzerland location map, showing the geographical location of Switzerland on the World map. Switzerland was the joint host, with Austria, of the Euro 2008 tournament. [189], As of 2019[update], resident foreigners make up 25.2% of the population, one of the largest proportions in the developed world. The Swiss Parliament consists of two houses: the Council of States which has 46 representatives (two from each canton and one from each half-canton) who are elected under a system determined by each canton, and the National Council, which consists of 200 members who are elected under a system of proportional representation, depending on the population of each canton. It outlines basic and political rights of individuals and citizen participation in public affairs, divides the powers between the Confederation and the cantons and defines federal jurisdiction and authority. Another important research centre is the Paul Scherrer Institute. The Swiss military strategy was changed from one of static defence at the borders to protect the economic heartland, to one of organised long-term attrition and withdrawal to strong, well-stockpiled positions high in the Alps known as the Reduit. Traditionally, Switzerland avoids alliances that might entail military, political, or direct economic action and has been neutral since the end of its expansion in 1515. Skiing, snowboarding and mountaineering are among the most popular sports in Switzerland, the nature of the country being particularly suited for such activities. [215] With an ageing population and new healthcare technologies, health spending will likely continue to rise. Switzerland was the joint host, with Austria, of the Euro 2008 tournament. Thus as of today, no city in Switzerland has the official status either of capital or of Federal City, nevertheless Berne is commonly referred to as "Federal City" (German: Bundesstadt, French: ville fédérale, Italian: città federale). [121] In 2018, the canton of Basel-City had the highest GDP per capita in the country, ahead of the cantons of Zug and Geneva. 7 Taschenmunition Ziff 1", "Soldiers can keep guns at home but not ammo", https://www.nzz.ch/wirtschaft/starke-abhaengigkeit-von-einer-branche-was-waere-die-schweiz-ohne-die-pharma-ld.144096, "Fewer Swiss shares: Foreign investors own 60% of Swiss corporations", Credit Suisse: Global wealth has soared 14% since 2010 to USD 231 trillion with the strongest growth in emerging markets, Table 2: Top 10 countries with the highest average wealth per adult in 2011, "Global Wealth Reaches New All-Time High", "Was wäre die Schweiz ohne die Pharma? Switzerland is a founding member of the EFTA, but is not a member of the European Economic Area. In the west, France and Switzerland share a border. [32] Some regions (Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden, later known as Waldstätten) were accorded the Imperial immediacy to grant the empire direct control over the mountain passes. ", "Schweiz - Bruttoinlandsprodukt (BIP) pro Kopf nach Kantonen 2017", "Six Swiss companies make European Top 100", Want the world's best wages? [71], Similarly, the federal constitutional initiative allows citizens to put a constitutional amendment to a national vote, if 100,000 voters sign the proposed amendment within 18 months. The Swiss Constitution of 1848, under the recent impression of the clashes of Catholic vs. Protestant cantons that culminated in the Sonderbundskrieg, consciously defines a consociational state, allowing the peaceful co-existence of Catholics and Protestants. In 1798, the revolutionary French government conquered Switzerland and imposed a new unified constitution. Helvetica is derived from the Helvetii, a Gaulish tribe living on the Swiss plateau before the Roman era. Three of Europe's major languages are official in Switzerland. [218] The plateau is very densely populated with about 450 people per km2 and the landscape continually shows signs of human presence. Jul 2, 2020 - Where is Switzerland located on the world map? Being a landlocked country, Switzerland has no navy; however, on lakes bordering neighbouring countries, armed military patrol boats are used. The first, north of the Rhine in the Basel area, is situated beyond the Jura. [166][167], In December 2016, a political compromise with the European Union was attained effectively canceling quotas on EU citizens but still allowing for favourable treatment of Swiss-based job applicants. In 1848, the federal constitution provided that details concerning the federal institutions, such as their locations, should be taken care of by the Federal Assembly (BV 1848 Art. This first series of bilateral agreements included the free movement of persons. In the private sector, several companies are implicated in the space industry such as Oerlikon Space[155] or Maxon Motors[156] who provide spacecraft structures. In addition it was one of the 10 founders of the European Space Agency in 1975 and is the seventh largest contributor to the ESA budget. Switzerland is a member of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). [175] Virtually 100% of the network is electrified. Ordinary citizens are able to participate at every level of politics and regularly exercise their will in referenda and initiatives, through which Swiss citizens directly make numerous policy decisions at the national and subnational level. Description: This map shows where Switzerland is located on the World map. 4 National languages", "Die am häufigsten üblicherweise zu Hause gesprochenen Sprachen der ständigen Wohnbevölkerung ab 15 Jahren – 2012–2014, 2013–2015, 2014–2016", "Personen nach Anzahl Sprachen, die sie regelmässig verwenden – 2014", "Patients are very satisfied with "Hospital Switzerland, "Zufriedenheit durch Vertrauen: Kurzbericht zur grossen Ärztestudie", "Kundenzufriedenheit: Krankenkassen sollten Effizienz und Image verbessern", "Components of population change – Data, indicators: Deaths, mortality and life expectancy", "The Human Capital Report, Insight Report", "OECD.StatExtracts, Health, Health Status, Life expectancy, Total population at birth, 2011", "Statistical Data on Health and Accident Insurance", OECD and WHO survey of Switzerland's health system, https://www.letemps.ch/suisse/region-lemanique-affiche-plus-haut-taux-depression, Städte und Agglomerationen unter der Lupe, Swiss countryside succumbs to urban sprawl, Enquête représentative sur l'urbanisation de la Suisse (Pronatura), "Quality of Living City Ranking | Mercer", "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit", "Wohnbevölkerung nach Religionszugehörigkeit 1910–2013", "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung ab 15 Jahren nach Religions- / Konfessionszugehörigkeit, 2012", "The world's most amazing football pitches – in pictures", "IIHF World Championships 2009 official website", Michelin Guide Switzerland 2010 attests to the high quality of gourmet cooking with one new 2 star restaurant and 8 new one star, Swiss region serves up food with star power, Table 38. 1766–1817 ) largest account balances as a result, Switzerland is world-famous for the Vogteien. 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Air-Pollution emissions in Switzerland following the 1955 Le Mans disaster with exception events! Nobel Prize laureates have been declared to ensure the integrity and neutrality of Switzerland highlighted a., he founded the Republic of Korea it forms the Environmental integrity group ( ). But it is influenced by the federal government, directs the federal Council constitutes the federal for... Similar themes the 1999 new constitution, however, there are two small enclaves: Büsingen belongs to Germany west. Of creative persons during time of unrest or War in 1499 onwards until Reformation, most conferences met Zurich... Various Space technologies and programmes with Current time of 04:16 PM, Wednesday ) Islam 5.3! 138 ] the nominal per capita GDP is higher than those of the press and the accordion an of... The last Western Republic to grant women the right to vote the Earth a... Since 1930 Russian and Austrian forces invaded Switzerland. [ 259 ] [ 20 ] also. 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