The Commission must be fair and just to the three tiers and arms of government without compromising its core mandate. In Nigeria, the issue of sharing resources among the three levels of government has remained controversial due to lack of an acceptable formula. It consists of 360 representatives elected for 4 years term of office. The different taxes are as follows: (A) FEDERAL TAXES: The Federal government is the largest and most powerful tier of government in Nigeria. Three arms of government in Nigeria are: 1. The House of Assembly of each state consists of 3 times the total number of seats that state has in the House of Representatives. “While total disbursements in Q1 2020 were slightly higher than Q1 2019 and Q1 2018, disbursements to the three tiers of government in Q1 2020 were slightly lower than Q1 2019 and Q1 2018. All these function hands in hands to see to the perfect running of the council and also see to people getting their dividends across the grassroots area. The President appoints the Chief Justice of the federation and once appointed, he cannot be removed from office except by death, retirement (at age 70), or by impeachment by the Senate. State governments are charged with carrying out duties that ensure quality living for people living in their states. This has resulted in setting up of different committees or commissions to prescribe the formular to be used. Unfortunately, in Nigeria, local governments struggle from the lack of autonomy from the state governments, as well as from the lack of funds. The same person cannot simultaneously be a member of the government and the National Assembly. Nigeria operates a three-tier type of government (federal, state, and local). the Senate which is otherwise known as the upper chamber has 109 Senators who are the members of the Assembly. The country runs a presidential system of government akin to that of the United States, with a bicameral legislature, a senate, and a house of representatives at the centre. Provision of homes for destitute and infirm, cemeteries and burial grounds. There are three tiers of government in Nigeria, the Federal, the State and the Local government and each tier also has 3 arms which are the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary. This speaker is always aided by the deputy speaker of the Assembly. The Chief Judge of the Federation heads the judiciary arm of the federal government. {{{Kano has the highest number which is 44 while Bayelsa has the smallest number of 9.}}} National Assembly represents The Legislature. Take, for example, it is the executive that appoints the Chief Justice as well as other Judges, who served in the Supreme Court and High Courts. Nigeria's revenue increases by N72.26 billion to N616.19 billion in April. PROBLEMS OF PUBLIC ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA AND SOLUTIONS, History of Public Administration in Nigeria, TYPES OF CULTURE IN NIGERIA AND THEIR IMPORTANCE, NIGERIAN TRIBES AND THEIR NAMES FOR GOD (Different Languages). Image: facebook.com, @inecnigeriaSource: Facebook. The governor has the power to appoint the rest of his cabinet, which are the commissioners and advisers (unlike the federal level where they are called ministers). No matter how diligent a company headquarter is, it cannot reach all corners in the nation, so it creates divisions to oversee activities at various levels in a bid to attain efficient administration. The three arms of government do everything necessary to maintain law and order in the state. The president appoints his ministers and special advisers. There are three tiers of government in Nigeria, namely the federal, state, and local governments. smooth fiscal control by Federal government that makes constitutional changes more frequent. So, what are the three tiers of Nigerian health … Local government is also known as the third tier of government in a federation system of government so in Nigeria local government home the power has given to them by the constitution of federal republic of Nigeria do their duties to ensures the development of … The  3rd level which also is the last level of the types of government in Nigeria is the local government. In both experience, it is seen that federalization through constitutionalism still has its limits. The governor has the power to appoint the rest of his cabinet, which are the commissioners and advisers (unlike the federal level where they are called ministers). We can see the arms in the light of types of Government in Nigeria. What are the arms of government and why are there three branches? It ultimately determines the entire judicial system of society. In each state, there exists a house of assembly. The 3 Tiers of Government In Nigeria. Your email address will not be published. The Legislature possesses supremacy and independence in the sphere of establishing the legal principles of state and public life. All of them work … Each State government is headed by a Governor who assisted by a deputy in piloting the affairs of the state. As we know, Nigeria is a Federal Republic with 36 states plus Capital Territory. Government Revenues in Nigeria averaged 873.38 NGN Billion from 2010 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 1418.87 NGN Billion in the fourth quarter of 2019 and a record low of 498.54 NGN Billion in the second quarter of 2015. The local governments have their councils. government of South Africa, that is, its three spheres and other important bodies such as parastatals, statutory commissions, public entities, and research institutions. The legislative arm of the federal government is headed by the Senate president who is also the chairman of the National Assembly. The Chief Justice of Nigeria presides over the Supreme Court and he is assisted by 13 associate justices. The separation of powers is the result, and the essential characteristic of the degree of state development, the condition and prerequisite for the organization and functioning of the rule of law. This LOCAL GOVERNMENT COUNCIL comprises of the local government chairman, who is in control of the council, his Councilors, and other elected members. Nigeria’s Federal Government, 36 States and the 774 Local Government Councils shared a total sum of N5.9 trillion was shared from the Federation Account in 2017. The federal government of Nigeria is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the Constitution of Nigeria in the National Assembly, the President, and the federal courts, including the Supreme Court, respectively.. Nigeria is a federal republic, with executive power exercised by the president. Three tiers of healthcare in Nigeria. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The Judiciary 3. type of government operated in a country will determine the level of taxing powers of each tiers of government. In this way executive, legislative, judiciary structure is a symbol of the organizational hierarchy. The three of them are involved in delivering dividends of democracy to the people. The Chief Justice of Nigeria also presides over the National Judicial Council, an executive body established by the Nigerian federal government to protect the judiciary branch from the influence of the executive branch. The Supreme Court also deals with issues of tax law, finance, property rights, trade, transport, customs legislation, criminal offences in these areas of activity. The executive level of government is also responsible for such services as education, healthcare, welfare, and finance. State governors are referred to as chief security officers of their states. It is the level of government that is closest to the people and is within the people. Establishment, maintenance, and regulation of markets, motor parks, etc. Control and regulation of shops, restaurants, kiosks, and other venues for sales of food. The three-level structure implies that the life of society is managed on various levels. Provision of security to its citizens’ lives and properties. The Chief Judge of each state is appointed by the governor of that state on the advice of the National Judicial Council and the State House of Assembly. At the state level, Nigeria operates a form of the Unicameral legislature and at the federal level, Nigeria operates a Bicameral legislature. The delimitation of competencies and powers between the bodies and officials of the state has been known for a long time, but not all world states follow this. Government Revenues in Nigeria decreased to 864.88 NGN Billion in the first quarter of 2020 from 1418.87 NGN Billion in the fourth quarter of 2019. We also look at the various elements that contribute individually as cogs in the overall wheel of the service delivery machinery in The local government council governs the local government area in the state. EXCLUSIVE LIST POWERS: These are the areas the powers reserved exclusively for the central government is defined. Top primary values and principles of constitutional democracy, Advantages and disadvantages of democracy. It is the prime duty of the government to keep the society intact and in peace. 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Arms of Government in Nigeria – Photo Source: https://dumielauxepices.net 2. This body functions in the same way the National House of Assembly. The federal government structure includes bodies such as: The Federal Capital Territory is controlled and administered by the federal government. … He is the head of state and the main commander of the army. He is assisted by a Vice-president. Tiers of Government in Nigeria Politics 12 Comments The Nigerian government structure is made up of three tiers, which are the federal government, state government and the local government. President is required to approve laws. That was a quick overview of the three tiers of government in Nigeria. This body is to see looking into check and balances of Nigeria. The duties of local government authorities is to foster grassroot support and partcipitation in the system of governance. In this system, there are three tiers of government often referred to as levels of government and three arms(branches) of government. this chamber is known as the House of Representatives. States and local governments presently have a joint account. There are state, federal and local levels of government. The legislative branch of the Nigerian government structure is the lawmaking body of the country. In Nigeria, the duties and functions of the different arms or tiers of government are provided for in the Constitution. The states and local governments also look inwards within themselves to generate more funds to finance their activities. The deputy senate president assists the Senate president in terms of proceedings and other duties that relate to the Plenary. This body stands to check mat the excesses of the states and also make laws to see to the orderliness of the state. The Executive 2. The state executive council is made of the commissioners, the Deputy Governor, and the Governor. The federal government is mainly responsible for There are three tiers of government in Nigeria, namely the federal, state, and local governments. The responsibilities of assigning public responsibilities to commissioners and the Advisers which help in serving states rested on the governor. It starts with the three tiers of government in Nigeria. Each state has 3 senatorial districts with a senator representing each district while the federal capital territory supplies a lone senator. This tier of government is meant to bring power closer to the people. Such a division into levels makes it possible to divide responsibilities, and it allows the government to manage the country more efficiently. And arms of government, i.e ’ lives and properties also make laws to see looking into check and of... 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