Discuss possible future involvement and engagement in the community to emphasize that community involvement is an ongoing project. Sociocultural theory: Lev Vygotsky, one of the most famous educational psychologists, invented this approach to help teachers provide lessons that are at the right level for progressing a student’s learning. Culturally responsive teaching is an instructional strategy that involves ensuring students’ cultures are integrated into lessons. Enables teachers to quickly assess students’ knowledge (just-in-time assessment). Print a list of your students with a column for ‘achievements’, ‘goals’ and ‘struggles’. Teachers can present case studies through videos, newspaper articles, magazine articles, guests coming into the classroom, etc. See my full article on the pros and cons of digital play. Make sure you spend time discussing the steps it takes from going from nothing to the completed product. So, I decided it was time I made a list of teaching strategies for everyone to use! Ensure you assess prior knowledge well in advance so you can plan lessons based on prior knowledge. They discuss the differences between and merits of each answer. Teacher provides minimal guidance, recognizing that making mistakes and trying the ‘wrong thing’ is also a part of the discovery experience. In groups of four, students usually take the roles of: questioner, clarifier, summarizer and predictor. Slowly release responsibility to students when they are ready. Consider having one teacher take the lead on all mathematics lessons and the other take the lead on all literature lessons. Students can learn from more than just one teacher to get a variety of perspectives. Use visual aids, worksheets and manipulatives to help direct and maintain students’ attention on something physical. A clear way of guiding students towards new skills. Let’s talk about some strategies for improvement before you go away and do it again.”. I often find it’s hard to get groups of 6, so sometimes one student has to use two hats. Give each group 15 minutes to come up with some arguments for their side of the argument. Helps the teacher take the pulse of the class and understand what they want and need. It is hard to tell how much is ‘too much’ information, and how long is long enough before knowledge is consolidated into memory. Spend the first 10 minutes of the lesson assessing students’ comprehension of the video, Jump straight into student-centered practice tasks, Walk around the class helping students who need additional support for the rest of the lesson. the best types of instruction for English language learners in their communities, districts, schools, and classrooms. Sociocultural Theory: Learning is stimulated when students converse with one another. gives each group 3 minutes to present to the class a summary of the comments written on the paper at their station. Ensure the mystery is not too far outside a student’s zone of proximal development so that the mystery can be solved. Students must be explicitly taught the group roles and need time to practice them. Tip: Bookmark this page so you can come back to it every time you need some new teaching strategies! Ensures students are practicing their critical thinking skills rather than just repeating a teacher’s ‘facts’. In repeating a student’s statement in different language, the teacher can see whether they truly understand what the student means. Flipped instruction enables the teacher to offload the direct instruction elements of education like Introductions to homework. Visual learning: some learners prefer learning visually than aurally (see: learning styles). Gamification involves implementing elements of gameplay in your lessons. Step 3: Share. Use a speaking stick so only one person speaks at a time. Encourages students to see their own blind spots or misunderstandings. Consider alternatives like the Read Aloud strategy or using videos instead if DEAR doesn’t work for your class. During a lesson, pause after each step to get instant thumbs down, thumbs up feedback on whether students understand the previous step. The advanced students can be provided with project-based learning tasks to complete while the teacher works with the middle and lower groups to provide additional support. Thumbs down, thumbs up is a simple strategy for getting immediate feedback from students. Can be a lazy way to achieve presentation of knowledge. Ensures students have an opportunity to keep information fresh in their minds and be reminded of information learned in previous months. Teacher and community members meet to discuss a lesson idea. The students give their answer to their partner and take their partner’s answer. Can be a good way of getting students talking. An effective way of getting students to spend intense time learning about a topic. There will always be a small group of students who squirm and struggle when asked to read. The biggest risk here is in the teacher ‘putting words in the student’s mouth’. Many students have many barriers to success. Teachers’ interventions can help spur knowledge development. The charts the teacher has put up are stations that students will stop at during the activity. The teacher inserts intentional mistakes into their teaching materials (such as misspellings in their presentations) or their speech in order to: Immediate feedback is any feedback that takes place during a lesson rather than after a lesson or exam has been completed. For me, negative reinforcements should not punish but be used in limited learning scenarios as part of the learning ‘game’. Too much positive reinforcement can come across as insincere and lose students’ respect. This is one of the simplest, most frequently used, but also most effective classroom teaching strategies. Studying for upcoming exams is often also an important part of homework. Note taking involves getting students to actively listen out for key points in a speech or video and synthesize it into key points for remembering later. Steiner-Waldorf Schools: Rudolf Steiner called the teacher the ‘chief storyteller’ whose role is to create a sense of enchantment around learning through stories. Students can challenge themselves to reach their step by step goals. Cognition: students get the opportunity to learn through discovery and trial-and-error, helping to build neural pathways. End the lesson with a whole group discussion of what they learned during the lesson. These four people share thoughts together, compare notes, debate ideas, and come up with an agreed list of points on a topic. Measure students’ prior knowledge to ascertain their current developmental level. It is an inefficient use of other students’ time having them listen to 20 other two-minute presentations when they could be engaging in higher-order learning during that time. Students think about a topic on their own. Constructivism: Authentic learning environments are designed for students to be active learners who ‘construct’ knowledge through personal experience. A case study should show how an issue or theory looks in real life. The chart can be on a simple piece of paper split into three columns: (K) What I already know; (W) What I want to know in this lesson; (K) What I learned. Most instruction at home or in school can be adapted to accommodate the needs of students with learning disabilities such as dyslexia or other learning problems. For example, you can use LEGO bricks to teach a variety of math skills , including finding area and perimeter and understanding multiplication. The second common way of having a silent conversation is to pass a piece of paper around the class and have students write their responses to conversation chains on the piece of paper. When a class is too loud, try subtly turning off the fan. Use Screencasts when teaching a lesson online. The quiz can be formative or summative. The students who watched the presentation have 60 seconds to write their thoughts on the topic that was presented. Explicit teaching should be followed-up with other teaching strategies that involve more active learning so students can practice and demonstrate their knowledge. It keeps students on their toes throughout the lesson, particularly during the boring parts. It can often be easier to respond in writing than speaking because students have time to reflect and think about the wording of their response before writing it. A lesson that is too easy won’t help a student progress. Intervene where needed. Students then split up and find a new partner to repeat the activity. Recording a lesson involves using either video, audio or Screencast technology to save the lesson for revision later on. Critical theory: students can use a SIT analysis to critique the justice or inequality issues presented in a text. Cognition: some students may benefit from visualizing a concept to help them order ideas in their minds. Slow speech with sufficient pauses between ‘chunks’ of information (seeL ‘chunking’ strategy) can help students arrange information in their minds appropriately. At the end of the lesson, the third column can be filled-in: (L) What I learned in the lesson. See my full guide on the Guided Practice teaching strategy. Provides a visual comparison between different views of students in the class. Graphic organizers are a simple and effective tool to help students brainstorm and organize their thoughts and ideas in a visual presentation. Parents may feel playing games in the classroom is not acceptable. By working side-by-side, they learn the subtle little things (‘tacit knowledge’) required to know in order to master a skill. Yes, homework is a teaching strategy! … By focusing tightly on instructional strategies and PD, educators at Cochrane Collegiate Academy saved their school from closure. Come up with new ideas and alternatives. Physical: play engages fine and gross motor functions, helping to improve physical abilities. See: John Sweller’s cognitive overload theory. Sociocultural theory: social interaction helps students see perspectives that are not their own and challenge their own views. However, it is also useful for helping students get more depth of knowledge on a topic being taught when you give them all an article or book to read to help them have more knowledge for subsequent parts of the lesson. 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