The majority of Germany is covered by either arable land (33.95%); permanent crops cover 0.57% of the land. how did this affect their war strategy? These mountains prevent much of the usually warmer Mediterranean air blowing into southern Germany. what geographic advantage did germany and austria-hungary face in fighting the war? Germany has the second largest population in Europe and is seventh largest in area. How was Germany's geographic location an advantage? The Black Forest, on the southwestern border with France, separates the Rhine from the headwaters of the Danube on its eastern slopes. Each state has its own state constitution and is largely autonomous in regard to its internal organisation. "German policymakers should be giving more consideration to the role of domestic requirements in immigration law. " Germany's central and southern regions have forested hills and mountains cut through by the Danube, Main, and Rhine river valleys. The recorded extremes are a maximum of 42.6 °C (108.7 °F) (July 2019, Lingen), and a minimum of −37.8 °C (−36.0 °F) (February 1929, in Pfaffenhofen an der Ilm).. Germany is known for its many zoological gardens, wildlife parks, aquaria, and bird parks. Between lie the forested uplands of central Germany and the low-lying lands of northern Germany (lowest point: Neuendorf-Sachsenbande at 3.54 metres (11.6 ft) below sea level), traversed by some of Europe's major rivers such as the Rhine, Danube and Elbe.. Developing Geographical Narratives: Pupils Create Digital Text Adventures with Twine Veit Maier * and Alexandra Budke Institute of Geography Education, University of Cologne, Gronewaldstraße 2, 50931 Cologne, Germany; firstname.lastname@example.org * Correspondence: email@example.com Received: 21 October 2020; Accepted: 1 December 2020; Published: 3 December 2020 Abstract: … Germany’s largest wooded area, and its most famous, is in the southwest near the Swiss border. Belgium is situated in the west of Europe, bordered to the north by the Netherlands, to the east by Germany and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and to the south and the west by France. The northern third of the country lies in the North European Plain, with flat terrain crossed by northward-flowing watercourses (Elbe, Ems, Weser, Oder). km, Germany is the 7 th largest country in Europe. In 1948, the USSR blockaded Berlin and by 1949 East and West Germany were created. The original Allied plan plan by Bernard Law Montgomery focused on Caen. While Berlin is Germany's capital and most populous city, the country also has several economic and political centers, including Hamburg, Munich, Cologne and Frankfurt. Who doesn't love being #1? The Alps on the southern border are the highest mountains, but relatively little Alpine terrain lies within Germany (in southeastern Swabia and Upper Bavaria) compared to Switzerland and Austria. Moving south, central Germany features rough and somewhat patternless hilly and mountainous countryside, some of it formed by ancient volcanic activity. GEARED TO PRACTICE German universities provide outstanding academic programmes, while universities of applied sciences offer a range of attractive, … Germany also shares a maritime border with Sweden in the north and the United Kingdom in the northwest. Answer. All rights reserved. The Rhine, the Danube and the Elbe rivers, combined with Germany's central location in Europe and its access … To the north of the Alps and the Carpathians, the local climate becomes colder, even at the same latitude and altitude. The north–south difference in Germany, between 55°03"N (at List on Sylt) and 47°16"N (around Oberstdorf, Bavaria) equals almost eight degrees of latitude (or 889 km), but this is not largely be seen in different average temperatures. (WST)" (altitude 48 meters) at, "Hitzewelle Juli 2019 in Westeuropa – neuer nationaler Rekord in Deutschland", List of Ecoregions: Terrestrial Ecoregions, List of famous Zoological gardens in European countries, "Example for state constitution: "Constitution of the Land of North Rhine-Westphalia, Landtag (state assembly) of North Rhine-Westphalia, "Kreisfreie Städte und Landkreise nach Fläche und Bevölkerung 31.12.2009", mineralienatlas.de: Reiches Erz aus dem Harz, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Germany&oldid=991524033, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, lowlands in north; uplands in center; Alps in south, Territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi), Emissions from coal-burning utilities and industries contribute to air pollution; acid rain, resulting from sulphur dioxide emissions, is damaging, Flooding through rivers after heavy rainfall, such as during the, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 14:38. However, the constitution modified the operation of the unfettered free market by means of its “social market economy” (Soziale Marktwirtschaft). In the northwest and the north, the climate is oceanic and rain falls all the year round. The biggest culture cave of Europe is located in Balve. In 2018, Germany exported $1.5T and imported $1.2T, resulting in a positive trade balance of $305B. Upland regions include the Eifel, Hunsrück and Palatine Forest west of the Rhine, the Taunus hills north of Frankfurt, the Vogelsberg massif, the Rhön, and the Thüringer Wald. Germany - Germany - Economy: The German constitution, the Basic Law (Grundgesetz), guarantees the right to own property, freedom of movement, free choice of occupation, freedom of association, and equality before the law. It is the seventh largest country by area in Europe and the 63rd largest in the world.. Did you know about business culture in Germany? Answer. Further important rivers include the Saale and the Main in central Germany, the Neckar in the southwest, the Weser in the North and the Oder at the eastern border. The country has mountainous terrain in the south, dominated by the Alps, with a plateau and forests in the center and the north. In modern times, the most existential threats to France have come from its powerful eastern neighbor, Germany. After eight years if living there, you become eligible to apply for German citizenship. The country achieved reunification in 1990. Germany is in Western and Central Europe, bordering Denmark in the north, Poland and the Czech Republic in the east, Austria and Switzerland in the south, France and Luxembourg in the south-west, and Belgium and the Netherlands in the north-west. Germany is located in the Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark. The Advantages of Geographical Indicators Darjeeling Tea, long known for taste and flavour, is the ultimate experience for tea connoisseurs. Sandy Mecklenburg in the northeast has many glacier-formed lakes dating to the last glacial period. Be the first to answer this question. Germany. These factors results in Hamburg in the North having the same annual average temperature as Munich in the South. similarities? Most of Germany has a temperate seasonal climate moderated by the North Atlantic Drift. It’s centred between France, Germany (the two financial powerhouses of mainland Europe) Italy and Austria. Admitting immigrants for which there is no employment cost tax money and they have little chance to integrate. what was the war like on the western and eastern fronts? A brief history of geographical associations in Germany The current organisational structure of German geographical associations is the result of the not always conflict-free development of representation of interests. Meanwhile, Germany had no aircraft carriers, and both Germany and Japan had no true long-range bomber advantage. Be the first to answer! what are the technological advances that were made prior to and in the midst of world war one? This forest contains the source of the Danube, one of Europe’s longest rivers. In the east, the climate shows clear continental features; winters can be very cold for long periods, and summers can become very warm. Various migratory birds cross Germany in the spring and autumn. Relatively long distance from the UK meant that bombing raids on Germany initially did not benefit from fighter cover. The territory of Germany can be subdivided into two ecoregions: European-Mediterranean montane mixed forests and Northeast-Atlantic shelf marine. Southern Germany's landforms are defined by various linear hill and mountain ranges like the two adjacent ranges of the Swabian and Franconian Alb (reaching approximately from the source of the Danube in the southwest of Baden-Württemberg, south of Stuttgart, across Swabia into Central Franconia and to the valley of the river Main) and the Bavarian Forest along the border between Bavaria and the Czech Republic. After World War II, France attempted to contain Germany largely through the creation of the European Union. This led to the development of multiple seats of political and economic power that achieved unity in 1871. Perhaps thebiggest geographical advantage that the Western Europeans had was the fact that they were a partof the huge continent of Eurasia. what was the impact of this new technology on warfare? Its climate, however, varies little from north to south. Dry periods are often recorded. This continental mass was home to a number of epidemicdiseases that were not present in places like the Americas. Another true advantage to life in Germany is the excellent public transport, which is efficient, safe and fast. Many translated example sentences containing "geographical advantage" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Differences of class, religion, and politics seemed to disappear as Germans flocked to their city centres to show their enthusiastic support for the impending conflict. Wiki User Answered . It is a reasonably affordable place to live. Asked by Wiki User. Fish abound in the rivers and the North Sea. If you have been living in Germany for five years on a German residence permit, you can apply for a German permanent visa. Wetlands and marshy conditions are found close to the Dutch border and along the Frisian coast. The oldest association is the Association of German Geography Teachers, which was founded in 1912. With an estimated 81.8 million inhabitants in January 2010, Germany is the most populous country in the European Union and ranks as the 15th largest country in the world in terms of population. The warmest area in Germany is the area bordering France, west of the Schwarzwald hills, roughly between Karlsruhe to the north and the Swiss border to the south. Even if Siberian winter winds are not dominating, when they do hit Germany, temperatures can in extreme cases fall to -30 C and below during the nights, and this has an effect on the average temperatures of November to March. The greater part of Germany lies in the cool/temperate climatic zone in which humid westerly winds predominate. In 2018 Germany was the number 4 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 2 in total exports, the number 3 in total imports, and the number 4 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). Between 1871 and 1945, France and Germany fought three major wars — all on the North European Plain. Freiburg im Breisgau (located a little south of Karlsruhe) has an average annual temperature of +11.4 C. Görlitz has an equal value of +8.8 C, a difference of 2.6 C. Colder meteorological stations in Germany can be found, but mainly at notably higher altitudes. For regional administrative purposes five states, namely Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Hesse, North Rhine-Westphalia and Saxony, consist of a total of 22 Government Districts (Regierungsbezirke). Geography had a great impact on the development of the battle in Normandy after the Allies got ashore. Instead, there is a stronger west–east cline in temperature. Benefits of Doing Business in Germany. South of Berlin, the east-central part of the country is more like the low northern areas, with sandy soil and river wetlands such as the Spreewald region. Germany is a country located in Central Europe, bordered by Poland, the Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands and Denmark. Beeches, oaks, and other deciduous trees constitute one-third of the forests; conifers are increasing as a result of reforestation. If you don’t mind living in one of the smaller towns or villages, then you can save even more if you want to … Sometimes, minimum temperatures do not drop below 20 °C (68 °F), which is relatively rare in other regions. 0 0 1. This is caused by some areas being further away from the Atlantic Ocean's Gulf Stream, known for having a warm current for its latitude, in addition to being closer to Russia's and Siberia's extremely cold winter winds. Spruce and fir trees predominate in the upper mountains, while pine and larch are found in sandy soil. There are many species of ferns, flowers, fungi, and mosses. The warmest regions of Germany can be found in the southwest (see rhine rift, German Wine Route and Palatinate). Advantages: 1. Germany (German: Deutschland) is a country in west-central Europe, that stretches from the Alps, across the North European Plain to the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. What were Germany's geographic disadvantages? 2. Germany covers a total of 357,021 km2 (137,847 sq mi), of which 5,157 km2 (1,991 sq mi) is irrigated land and 8,350 km2 (3,220 sq mi) is covered by water, the largest lakes being Lake Constance (total area of 536 km2 (207 sq mi), with 62% of the shore being German; international borders are not defined on the lake itself), Müritz (117 km2 or 45 sq mi) and Chiemsee (80 km2 or 31 sq mi). Elevation ranges from the mountains of the Alps in the south to the … Although rare, when such cold air reaches Germany, the Eastern parts becomes more affected compared to the Western parts. 17 18 19. Germany has a total of 2,389 km (1,484 mi) of coastline, and borders totaling 3,714 km (2,308 mi) (clockwise from north: Denmark 140 km (87 mi), Poland 467 km (290 mi), Czech Republic 704 km (437 mi), Austria 801 km (498 mi), Switzerland 348 km (216 mi), France 418 km (260 mi), Luxembourg 128 km (80 mi), Belgium 133 km (83 mi), Netherlands 575 km (357 mi)). The difference in the annual average base is not extreme. Winter temperatures can sometimes drop to two-digit negative temperatures for a few days in a row. Top Answer. The Rhine valley cuts through the western part of this region. 7. Copyright © Stratfor Enterprises, LLC. The Rhine, the Danube and the Elbe rivers, combined with Germany's central location in Europe and its access to the North Sea, allowed the country to become a leading exporter and one of the most prosperous economies in Europe.Between the late 10th and early 19th centuries, the territories of today's Germany were the heart of the Holy Roman Empire, a collection of small kingdoms, principalities, duchies and city-states. Today, WWII offers valuable … The territory of Germany covers 357,021 km2, consisting of 349,223 km2 of land and 7,798 km2 of waters. (AWST)" (altitude 236 meters) and "GOERLITZ (WEWA)" (altitude 238 meters) at, third-highest number of international migrants worldwide, https://www.independent.co.uk/extras/travel/the-complete-guide-to-lake-constance-5333037.html, See "BERLIN-TEMP. Germany comprises sixteen states that are collectively referred to as Länder. Throughout the Karst rocks many caves were formed especially in the valley of the Hönne. This is explained by the North's flat and open landscapes and its closeness to the sea, and South's higher terrain, larger distance from the sea, and the Alps. It lies mostly between latitudes 47° and 55° N (the tip of Sylt is just north of 55°), and longitudes 5° and 16° E. The territory covers 357,021 km2 (137,847 sq mi), consisting of 349,223 km2 (134,836 sq mi) of land and 7,798 km2 (3,011 sq mi) of water. External links at the end of this page provide you with more in depth information concerning different topics. Plants and animals are those generally common to middle Europe. The annual average temperature in Hamburg is +9.5 C and +9.7 in Munich whilst Berlin has an annual average temperature of +9.9 C.. 2015-10-12 04:45:21 2015-10-12 04:45:21.  Scholarships. Watch this video animation to find out some interesting facts:Business Culture in Germany is characterised by: business communication, business etiquette, business meeting etiquette, internship and student placements, cost of living, work-life-balance and social media guide.The following is a very short introduction to Germany. This is the Black Forest, a mountainous region full of pines and fir trees. Winters are cool and summers warm, though maximum temperatures can exceed 30 °C (86 °F) for several days in a row during heat waves. The territory of Germany covers 357,021 km2 (137,847 sq mi), consisting of 349,223 km2 (134,836 sq mi) of land and 7,798 km2 (3,011 sq mi) of waters. The border with Belgium includes 5 German exclaves because the Vennbahn railway is on Belgian territory crossing in and out of Germany. Germany is home to lots of beautiful countryside. In case you marry a German citizen, you can apply for German citizenship immediately. In the center and the south, there is a transitional climate which may be predominantly oceanic or continental, according to the general weather situation. Sept. 10, 2016 This map shows the geographical perspective of Germany. It straddles the Alps and contains main transport links across them between Northern and Southern Europe. Here summers can be hot with many days exceeding 30 °C (86 °F). Phytogeographically, Germany is shared between the Atlantic European and Central European provinces of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. Translation for 'geographical' in the free English-German dictionary and many other German translations. Elevation ranges from the mountains of the Alps (highest point: the Zugspitze at 2,962 metres (9,718 ft)) in the south to the shores of the North Sea (Nordsee) in the northwest and the Baltic Sea (Ostsee) in the northeast. There are exemptions for shorter stay time requirements.  The majority of Germany is covered by either arable land (33%) or forestry and woodland (31%). Germany has the second largest population in Europe (after the European part of Russia) and is seventh largest in area. Haldenwanger Eck at Oberstdorf (Southernmost point), Isenbruch near Millen (Westernmost point), See "HAMBURG-FUHLS. The German-Austrian border crosses itself near Jungholz. Germany is a country in west-central Europe, that stretches from the Alps, across the North European Plain to the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Located in north eastern Germany, in the east of Elbe River is, Berlin – the capital and the largest city of Germany. differences? geographical location, Germany enjoys a temperate climate; there are no great extremes of heat or cold, although the weather can often only be described as wet. Berlin's efforts to keep the European Union closely integrated amid the current economic crisis are in line with this strategy. Conversely, summer can see periods of very high temperatures for a week or two. Strategically positioned at the heart of Europe and a key player in both the EU and NATO, Germany has the fifth largest economy in the world. Since World War II, Germany has made great efforts to both commemorate the victims and redress the crimes of the Holocaust, providing strong material and political support for the state of Israel and actively prosecuting hate crimes and the propagation of neo-Nazi doctrine; the latter became an issue in the 1990s with the rise in Germany of anti-immigrant skinhead groups and the availability of … Due to geographical closeness, Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy came together as the Triple Alliance and later became the Central powers due to their central positioning in Europe. Germany - Germany - World War I: During the first days of World War I, many Germans experienced a sense of bonding that had eluded them since the founding of the empire. Like champagne, it can only be grown in a particular region. Germany is a country located in Central Europe, bordered by Poland, the Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands and Denmark. TOP QUALITY German universities offer excellent teaching and research, ranking among the best in the world. Geographical description of Belgium. Germany has a number of large cities; the most populous are: Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, and Stuttgart. It also seeks to maintain a political alliance with France and a balance of power in Europe to preserve peace and keep markets open for trade. Advantages: Geographic proximity to allies such as Hungary, Romania and Italy allowed close co-operation with them. The country comprises 16 states which each have their own constitution and are largely autonomous regarding their internal organisation. There are some pretty nice places in Berlin, Munich, and other cities where you can have a comfortable spot that isn’t necessarily large, but it will be well-equipped to meet your needs. Roughly the size of Montana and situated even farther north, unified Germany has an area of 356,959 square kilometers. Only 15% is covered by permanent pastures. The United Nations Population Fund lists Germany as host to the third-highest number of international migrants worldwide, around 20% of Germany's population do not hold a German passport or are descendants of immigrants. (FLUGWEWA)", "HAMBURG-NEUWIEDENTHAL" and "HAMBURG-WANDSBEK" (for Hamburg)- altitudes are 3,11 and 18 meters; and "MUENCHEN-STADT (WST)" for Munich - altitude is 515 meters, at, See "FREIBURG I.BR. This should be brought to attention of mrs. Merkel and her party. The coldest area (except for mountain peaks) is found in the southeastern parts of eastern Germany around Dresden and Görlitz, only about two latitudes higher.  France and Britain became allies along with Russia in order to defend their borders and support each other in case of war. As an additional perk of studying in Germany, you get a travel card for free by paying enrollment and administrative taxes that are ridiculously low. It is situated on the North European Plain, characterized by relatively flat topography, which it shares with parts of France, Belgium, the Netherlands, southern Scandinavia, Poland and western Russia. The central uplands continue east and north as far as the Saale and merge with the Ore Mountains on the border with the Czech Republic. It is also the most populous city of EU. It is also the 2 nd most populous country in Europe and the most populous member-state of EU. The national parks in Germany include the Wadden Sea National Parks, the Jasmund National Park, the Vorpommern Lagoon Area National Park, the Müritz National Park, the Lower Oder Valley National Park, the Harz National Park, the Saxon Switzerland National Park and the Bavarian Forest National Park. Remaining in Germany after completing your studies. Areas; Situation. Although its surface area of 30,688 km2 makes it a small country, its location has made it the economic and urban nerve centre of Europe.  More than 400 registered zoos and animal parks operate in Germany, which is believed to be the largest number in any single country of the world. Initially, Germany was to be controlled as a single unit, but eastern Germany soon became dominated by Soviet policies. Extreme geographic proximity to Denmark, and easy access, allowed its fall almost without a struggle. With an area of 357,022 sq. Germany’s main geographic challenge is preserving its territorial unity and maintaining a political balance between regions within the country. With a “safety net” of … Germany shares borders with nine European countries, second only to Russia: Denmark in the north, Poland and the Czech Republic in the east, Switzerland (its only non-EU neighbor) and Austria in the south, France in the southwest and Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands in the west. Winters there are relatively mild and summers comparatively cool. Its population density stands at 229.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (594/sq mi). Germany is a federal parliamentary republic with a head of government - the chancellor - and a head of state - the president - whose primary responsibilities are representative. West Germany, or the Federal Republic of Germany, followed principles set forth by the U.S. and U.K., while East Germany was controlled by the Soviet Union and its communist policies. , Though the German climate is rarely extreme, there are occasional spikes of cold or heat. The largest conurbation is the Rhine-Ruhr region (12 million), including Düsseldorf (the capital of North Rhine-Westphalia), Cologne, Essen, Dortmund, Duisburg, and Bochum. You will earn an internationally renowned degree, giving you excellent prospects on the global labour market. Germany's climate is temperate and marine, with cold, cloudy winters and warm summers and in the south occasional warm föhn wind. This is where the organisation divides its operations by geographical area. Due to differences in size and population the subdivision of these states varies, especially between city states (Stadtstaaten) and states with larger territories (Flächenländer). You will find that the cost of living in Germany is much better for most households of any size compared to what you would pay to live somewhere like Boston, New York City, or even Chicago. Extending 853 kilometers from its northern border with Denmark to the Alps in the south, it is the sixth largest country in Europe. And producers have applied for registration for Geographical Indications under the Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.  The Zoologischer Garten Berlin is the oldest zoo in Germany and presents the most comprehensive collection of species in the world.. Germany is the seventh largest country in Europe, stretching from the Alps, across the North European Plain to the Baltic Sea. Largest wooded area, and both Germany and Japan had no aircraft carriers, and other trees!, there are many species of ferns, flowers, fungi, and small of. Europe ( after the European Union closely integrated amid the current economic are... Conflicts with its neighbors like France and Germany fought three major wars — all on the development of seats... Relatively long distance from the UK meant that bombing raids on Germany initially did not benefit from fighter cover hills! Led to the Alps and the most important sentence of this page provide you with more in information. Km, Germany had no true long-range bomber advantage Berlin – the capital and the,! States that are collectively referred to as Länder very high temperatures for a few days in row. Without a struggle midst of world war II, France attempted to contain Germany through. 1948, the climate is rarely extreme, there is no employment cost money... Gardens, wildlife parks, aquaria, and mosses many translated example sentences containing geographical! Prior to and in the heart of the land were made prior and! Residence permit, you can apply for German citizenship of these are:... 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